What is the definition of traveler’s diarrhea ?
The disease known as traveler’s diarrhea affects the digestive tract. It’s characterised by stomach cramps and diarrhea, and it’s usually brought on by ingesting food or drink that the body is unfamiliar with.
You’re more prone to have traveler’s diarrhea if you’re visiting a place where the sanitary procedures or environment differ from what you’re used to at home.
- When visiting: Mexico, it’s most common to acquire traveler’s diarrhea.
- Central America.
- South America.
In most cases, traveler’s diarrhea clears up on its own within a few days. It can lead to dehydration, which is harmful for youngsters in particular. However, regardless of the cause, it is usually contagious and spreads from person to person.
What do the signs and symptoms of traveler’s diarrhea look like ?
Traveler’s diarrhea is characterised by loose, watery diarrhea and stomach pains, which are the most common symptoms. Other signs and symptoms may vary depending on the source of the problem. Among the signs and symptoms are
- Nausea, vomiting, fever, bloating, and a lot of gas are all symptoms of the flu.
- A decrease in appetite
- A pressing desire to urinate
All of these signs and symptoms are typical. However, some signs and symptoms indicate that you should visit a doctor right once. These are some of them
- Abdominal or rectum discomfort;
- Continuous vomiting lasting more than four hours;
- Difficulty to keep drinks down;
- Temperature more than 102°F (39°C)
- Dehydration symptoms include bloody stools.
How do you know if you have traveler’s diarrhea ?
Make an appointment with your doctor if your traveler’s diarrhea doesn’t go away after three days or if your symptoms increase.
When you see your doctor, let him or her know about your previous trips. A physical exam will be performed, which will involve taking your temperature and pushing on your abdomen. They’ll probably definitely ask for a stool test to check for parasites and a blood test to check for diseases. You can also have a blood test to see whether you’re dehydrated.
Is it possible for traveler’s diarrhea to create complications ?
Dehydration is the most prevalent side effect of traveler’s diarrhea. Dehydration is readily caused by diarrhea, which causes the body to lose fluids quicker than it can absorb them.
Vomiting and nausea, which can occur with diarrhea, might aggravate the situation. Young children are especially vulnerable to dehydration. Dehydration in children has warning signals that you should be aware of.
Dehydration can cause the following symptoms
- Mouth that is dry
- Thirst has risen
- Reduced urination
- Dry skin
Medications are usually required to treat traveler’s diarrhea caused by a parasite infection, or the infection may worsen. Infections with parasites can lead to
- Allergic responses to a fever
- Infections caused by bacteria
Tapeworms have heads that are lodged in the intestinal wall, yet they may lay eggs that go throughout the body. Fluke worms might make you tired. Hookworms can induce anemia and exhaustion. The following symptoms can be caused by trichinosis worms
- Muscular ache
- Edoema of the face
What is the treatment for traveler’s diarrhea ?
The type of treatment will be determined by the reason of the diarrhea. For mild occurrences of the sickness, home cures and over-the-counter (OTC) medicines will typically be the first line of defense.
Caffeine and alcohol should be avoided if you have traveler’s diarrhea. As a result of these causes, dehydration may be worsened. Continue to drink as much water as possible to avoid dehydration. Try to stick to bland foods that your body is used to and that pose little danger of infection.
If you’re travelling, it’s a good idea to have some over-the-counter remedies on hand in case you acquire traveler’s diarrhea. Pepto-Bismol (bismuth subsalicylate) is a bismuth subsalicylate that can be used to treat moderate episodes of traveler’s diarrhea. When using it, make sure to follow the guidelines on the packaging.
Antimotility drugs like Imodium can also be utilized, although they should only be used in extreme cases, such as when flying. They may make the sickness last longer by preventing your body from getting rid of it.
Treatments given by a doctor
If home cures don’t work, your doctor will recommend a treatment plan depending on the cause of your disease. They’ll give antibiotics like doxycycline (Acticlate) or ciproflaxin if you have a bacterial illness (Cipro).
Your doctor will prescribe antiparasitic medicines if you have parasites. To guarantee that the parasite infection is entirely eradicated, you’ll probably need to take numerous rounds of the parasitic treatment.
What are the chances of getting traveler’s diarrhea ?
Traveler’s diarrhea usually goes away in two to three days, although it can persist up to seven days in severe cases. Treatment may help it heal faster. Because symptoms may not emerge for many days after exposure, pinpointing exactly what made you sick may be challenging. While you’re recuperating, be very cautious about consuming contaminated food or drinking water.
How can you avoid getting traveler’s diarrhea ?
- Cautious sanitary procedures and careful water and food selection are the greatest strategies to avoid traveler’s diarrhea.
- Drink only sterile water when visiting high-risk nations. This includes iced drinks prepared using local water, as well as fruit juices with additional water.
- Washing your mouth with tap water or brushing your teeth.
- Keep youngsters from putting anything in their mouth, especially their hands. If you don’t have access to clean water, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol.