The pressure inside the eyeball is known as intraocular pressure. While they are in their natural physiologic state, fluids join the eyeball to give nourishment and retain the structure of the eye. Fluid can build up in the eye due to a malfunctioning drainage system, resulting in eye pressure (ocular hypertension). Glaucoma progression also leads to chronically higher intraocular pressure, an eye disease in which persistently raised eye pressure damages the optic nerve and contributes to vision loss. Unlike glaucoma, which causes optic nerve damage and visual loss, ocular hypertension is usually asymptomatic.
Over the course of five years, roughly 10% of patients with untreated ocular hypertension develop primary open-angle glaucoma, according to research. For these folks, it’s crucial to keep their eye pressure under control on a regular basis so that they don’t get glaucoma.
What causes ocular hypertension ?
The eye continually produces a clear fluid called watery humour, which enters the front part of the eye to supply nourishment. An same volume of fluid flows out at the same time to maintain ocular pressure. As this drainage system fails to function properly, fluid accumulates up and intraocular pressure rises, resulting in ocular hypertension.
A blockage in the eye’s drainage canals or an overproduction of aqueous humour are the most common causes of ocular hypertension. Ocular hypertension can also be induced by damage to the eyes or certain eye disorders. Some medications, like as steroids, can raise intraocular pressure.
What symptoms and indicators do you have if you have Ocular Hypertension ?
Most persons with ocular hypertension have no symptoms. Regular eye exams by an ophthalmologist are also essential to avoid optic nerve damage caused by excessive pressure.
What are the risk factors for ocular hypertension ?
Eye blood pressure can rise at any age, but it is more common as people become older. Eye hypertension is more common in those over the age of 40.
African Americans and Hispanics are the ones who identify themselves as being at high risk. According to the Collaborative Initial Glaucoma Treatment Study, CIGTS, non-white skin is a key indication for glaucoma.
Ocular hypertension is more common in those who are nearsighted (myopic) or have specific diseases such as diabetes or high blood pressure. Individuals with pigment scatter syndrome (a disease in which iris cells float in the aqueous humour) and exfoliation syndrome (a condition in which an irregular extracellular fibrillar substance accumulates in the ocular tissues) are also at risk. A family history of hypertensive eyes or glaucoma is typically a substantial risk factor.
Interestingly, whereas systemic hypertension (high blood pressure) raises the risk of ocular hypertension, low blood pressure can cause glaucoma by decreasing the eye’s infusion and blood supply to the eye and optic nerves.
Ocular Hypertension Treatment
Glaucoma is a danger if you have ocular hypertension. It is advised that people with ocular hypertension be monitored carefully and on a frequent basis.
To relieve the pressure in your eye, you can take medicine (eye drops) such as Careprost.
Because it can take 6-8 weeks for drugs like latanoprost, travoprost, and bimatoprost to become fully effective, your eye doctor should schedule follow-up appointments with the exact prescription you’re taking.
Are Homeopathic Treatments for Ocular Hypertension Effective ?
To assist decrease your eye pressure, it’s critical that your ophthalmologist fills out the prescription accurately and that you follow your doctor’s recommendations (see Medical Care and Medications). Increased intraocular pressure is unlikely to cause irreparable vision loss or damage to the optic nerve. This is not correct (for example, glaucoma).