The distinction between acne and pimples is that acne is a disease, whereas pimples are a symptom of it. Acne is a skin condition in which the oil glands and hair follicles are affected.
Pores are related to glands beneath the skin that produce sebum, an oily material. A tube known as a follicle connects the glands and pores, and it contains a thin hair that grows out to the skin’s surface.
A clog forms in the follicle when sebum and dead skin cells cluster together. Inflammation is caused by bacteria in the plug, which results in acne red pimples.
What are the causes of acne ?
While the precise causes of acne are unknown, it has been discovered that some factors, such as hormonal changes associated with puberty, pregnancy, and the menstrual cycle, can trigger or worsen acne.
Squeezing or pulling at pimples that already present
high humidity cosmetics, such as oil-based products, sunscreen, and hair products medicines, such as corticosteroids and anabolic steroids cleaning or scrubbing your skin too aggressively pressure, such as from collars, hats, helmets, and backpack straps
Common misconceptions about stress and unclean skin causing acne are untrue, according to the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. In addition, the majority of people do not get acne from fatty meals like chocolate.
Symptoms of acne
Acne has a variety of symptoms, some of which are listed below
Closed papules tiny, sensitive red or pink lumps on the skin’s surface, open whiteheads: clogged pores under the skin’s surface,
Blackheads: plugged pores on the skin’s surface
Nodules big, painful lumps deep beneath the skin’s surface pustules: papules with pus on top pustules: papules with pus on top pustules: papules with pus on top pustules: papules with Cysts are painful, pus-filled tumours beneath the surface of the skin.
Treatment for acne
For acne, dermatologists usually prescribe a topical retinoid such as tretinoin or adapalene.
Find out more about the skin advantages of retinoids.
The type of acne being treated may dictate any additional medications or suggestions. Over-the-counter (OTC) medicines are sometimes prescribed as well.
Active components in OTC acne treatments are often suggested, such as differin (adapalene 0.1 percent), an OTC topical retinol benzoyl peroxide salicylic acid, however this isn’t always the case.
Prescription topical medicines widely used to treat acne, in addition to topical retinoids, include antibiotics, such as topical clindamycin, and azelaic acid.
Anti-androgen drugs, such as off-label use of spironolactone antibiotics, such as off-label use of doxycycline coupled oral contraceptives, are popular prescription oral medicines used to treat acne.
Your dermatologist may also prescribe therapy as a stand-alone treatment or in conjunction with medication. Chemical peels and light therapy, such as photodynamic therapy or intense pulsed light (IPL) therapy, are examples of acne treatments.
There are a variety of self-care measures you may do to help prevent acne, cure acne, and keep it under control.
- Use warm water and a gentle facial cleanser to wash your face.
- Noncomedogenic hair products, sunscreen, and cosmetics should all be used.
- Squeezing or picking at imperfections should be avoided.
- Hands, phones, and hair should not be used to touch your face.
- Maintain a healthy diet by avoiding skim milk and high-glycemic-load foods.